Tag Archive van gölü


Archman – Xfce 2020-01 Code name: Lake Van – Stable Release

Hi, Archman Community..

Archman – Xfce 2020-01 Code name: Lake Van Stable Release ready to use


Lake Van (Turkish: Van Gölü, Armenian: Վանա լիճ, Vana lič̣, Kurdish: Gola Wanê‎), the largest lake in Anatolia, lies in the far east of Turkey in the provinces of Van and Bitlis. It is a saline soda lake, receiving water from numerous small streams that descend from the surrounding mountains. Lake Van is one of the world’s largest endorheic lakes (having no outlet)—a volcanic eruption blocked the original outlet from the basin in prehistoric times. Although Lake Van has an altitude of 1,640 m (5,380 ft) in a region with harsh winters, its high salinity prevents most of it from freezing, and even the shallow northern section freezes only rarely.[3]

Hydrology and chemistry
Lake Van is 119 kilometres (74 mi) across at its widest point, averaging a depth of 171 metres (561 ft) with a maximum recorded depth of 451 metres (1,480 ft).[2] The lake surface lies 1,640 metres (5,380 ft) above sea level and the shore length is 430 kilometres (270 mi). Lake Van has an area of 3,755 km2 (1,450 sq mi) and a volume of 607 cubic kilometres (146 cu mi).[2]

The western portion of the lake is deepest, with a large basin deeper than 400 m (1,300 ft) lying northeast of Tatvan and south of Ahlat. The eastern arms of the lake are shallower. The Van-Ahtamar portion shelves gradually, with a maximum depth of about 250 m (820 ft) on its northwest side where it joins the rest of the lake. The Erciş arm is much shallower, mostly less than 50 m (160 ft), with a maximum depth of about 150 m (490 ft).[4][5]

The lake water is strongly alkaline (pH 9.7–9.8) and rich in sodium carbonate and other salts, which are extracted by evaporation and used as detergents.[6]

Lake Van is primarily a tectonic lake, formed more than 600,000 years ago by the gradual subsidence of a large block of the earth’s crust due to movement on several major faults that run through this portion of Eastern Anatolia. The lake’s southern margin marks the boundary between metamorphic rocks of the Bitlis Massif and volcanic strata from the Neogene and Quaternary periods. The deep, western portion of the lake is a dome-shaped basin lying in a tectonic depression formed by a combination of normal and strike-slip faulting and thrusting.[7]

The lake’s proximity to the Karlıova Triple Junction has resulted in fluids from the Earth’s mantle accumulating in the strata beneath Lake Van, driving some of its geological evolution.[7] Dominating the lake’s northern shore is the stratovolcano Mount Süphan. The broad crater of a second, dormant volcano, Mount Nemrut, lies close to the western tip of the lake. There is hydrothermal activity throughout the region.[7]

For much of its history, until the Pleistocene, Lake Van has had an outlet towards the southwest. However, the level of this threshold has varied over time, as the lake has been blocked by successive lava flows from Nemrut volcano westward towards the Muş Plain. This threshold has then been lowered at times by erosion.

The first acoustic survey of Lake Van was performed in 1974.[4][8] Building on this, Kempe and Degens identified three distinct physiographic provinces within the lake: a lacustrine shelf (27% of the lake area) that extends from the shore to a clear gradient change; a steeper lacustrine slope (63% of the area); and a deep, relatively flat basin province (10% of the area) in the western center of the lake.[9] The deepest part of the lake is the Tatvan basin, which is almost completely bounded by faults.[8]

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_Van

As of this release, Archman Linux repositories use packages with the extension tar.zst. Click here to see the official announcement on this subject


In this release you will see a 70% centered panel at the bottom of the screen. With this panel’s smart hiding feature, the entire screen will be in your use. We also grouped window tasks as icons only in the panel. In this release we have made many cosmetic changes. We set the Papirus icon set aside and decided to use the Surfn Arc icon set. In Archman Sample Files, we put information and visual files about Van- Lake Van which we introduced in this release. We’ve fixed many bugs you’ve detected in earlier release. We have also considered your recommendations. We tried to include your suggestions in this release. As an alternative package installer, we have added TKPACMAN to Archman repositories and we recommend you to try it.

Release Notes and packages:

linux 5.4.8.arch1-1
pamac-aur 9.2.2-2
surfn-icons-git 19.12-1
archman-settings-manager  0.5.5-5
archman-example-files 20200106-2
archman-wallpapers 20200106-2
archman-xfce-settings 20200106-2
Qogir-light-theme 20190103-1
firefox 72.0-1
Xfce4 4.14
libreoffice-still 6.2.8-3
gimp 2.10.14-1
inkscape 0.92.4.-9
Last updated drivers
Unsupported drivers – Updated
AUR repos enabled
Multilib Arch repos enabled
Archman background and wallpapers – (Open source internet research)
Liberation Sans font
Drop-Down terminal= F12
Screenshots= PrtSc
Start Menu= Super+L (win start button)
Calamares slides (Tulliana – Archman core developer) [/b]
click here for package list

Facilitated Terminal commands

sudo pacman -S ==> pac
sudo pacman -Ss ==> pacs
sudo pacman -Syy ==> pacu
sudo pacman -Syu ==> update
sudo rm /var/lib/pacman/db.lck ==> unlock
sudo pacman -Scc ==> clean
sudo pacman -R ==> remove
sudo reflector –verbose –latest 15 –sort rate –save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist ==> mirrors
sudo reflector –verbose –latest 15 –sort rate –save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist && sudo pacman -Syyu ==> upgrade
sudo pacman -Qi ==> info
trizen -S package ==> aur package
trizen -S package –noconfirm ==> aurno package

Suse ImageWriter recommended to transfer usb disk on Linux and on Windows
(Suse ImageWriter on Archman repos)

Format USB disk:

sudo mkfs.vfat /dev/sd? -I

dd command:

sudo dd bs=4M if=/path/to/archman.iso of=/dev/sd? status=progress && sync

(as root or with sudo)

Update instructions:
Update your system as usual with pamac. On terminal with pacman:

pac release-archman
lsb_release -a






Please test and tell us your findings and findings about this release.

Kind regards..



forum post and feedback: https://archman.org/forum/index.php?topic=3619.0